Civita di Bagnorego is known all over the world as the dying town. Once rich and powerful, today the progressive erosion turned it into a ghost town. You can reach the city center only walking along a pedestrian bridge, to find out a place where time seems to have stopped.
The urban structure and architecture of Civita di Bagnoregio remained intact over the centuries, due to the sudden abandonment of the town in 1693.
The beauty of the calanchi valley, its complexity, and the relentless erosion create a savage and unique landscape.
Civita di Bagnoregio lies on a tufaceous rock, a small spit of land between two creeks. Many complex geomorphological dynamics affected the town and the surrounding valley.
The area is characterized by the presence of volcanic formations, lying over a layer of clay. These surfaces were deeply entrenched by rainy water and now the hills are characterized by flat top surfaces and steep slopes.
Civita is located on the top of one of these reliefs. Once this spit of land stretched from Bagnoregio to Civita, today the two settlements are connected only by a low, narrow ridge: over there a pedestrian bridge was built in recent years.
It seems that the erosion started as far as the Etruscan period, about 2500 years ago. While the town gained importance and the population grew, the use of the soil grew as well, making the erosion even worse. Continuous landslides and catastrophic earthquakes caused the town to fell into ruin.
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